A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source. The standard for the name “mushroom” is the cultivated white button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus; 

hence the word “mushroom” is most often applied to those fungi that have a stem , a cap , and gills on the underside of the cap. “Mushroom” also describes a variety of other gilled fungi, with or without stems, therefore the term is used to describe the fleshy fruiting bodies of some Ascomycota. These gills produce microscopic spores that help the fungus spread across the ground or its occupant surface. Forms deviating from the standard morphology usually have more specific names, such as “bolete”, “puffball”, “stinkhorn”, and “morel”, and gilled mushrooms themselves are often called “agarics” in reference to their similarity to Agaricus or their order Agaricales. By extension, the term “mushroom” can also designate the entire fungus when in culture; the thallus of species forming the fruiting bodies called mushrooms; or the species itself.

What are the different types of mushroom?

  • White Button Mushroom.
  • Crimino Mushroom (Crimini, pl.)
  • Portabello Mushroom
  • Shiitake Mushroom
  • Maitake Mushroom
  • Oyster Mushroom
  • Enoki Mushroom
  • Beech Mushroom.


Mushrooms (brown, Italian) or Crimini (raw) Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) Energy 94 kJ (22 kcal) Carbohydrates 4.3 g Fat 0.1 g Protein 2.5 g Vitamins Quantity %DV† Thiamine (B1) 9% 0.1 mg Riboflavin (B2) 42% 0.5 mg Niacin (B3) 25% 3.8 mg Pantothenic acid (B5) 30% 1.5 mg Vitamin B6 8% 0.11 mg Folate (B9) 6% 25 μg Vitamin C 0% 0 mg Vitamin D 1% 3 IU Minerals Quantity %DV† Calcium 2% 18 mg Iron 3% 0.4 mg Magnesium 3% 9 mg Manganese 7% 0.142 mg Phosphorus 17% 120 mg Potassium 10% 448 mg Sodium 0% 6 mg Zinc 12% 1.1 mg Other constituents Quantity Selenium 26 ug Copper 0.5 mg Vitamin D (UV exposed) 1276 IU

What is the importance of mushroom?

Mushrooms are also great sources of protein, fiber, B vitamins (especially niacin), vitamin C, calcium, minerals, and selenium. They also contain antioxidants that are unique to mushrooms, such as ergothioneine, which according to studies is a highly powerful antioxidant.

What are the uses of mushroom?

  • Skin Benefits Of Mushrooms Hydrates Skin: Hyaluronic acid is considered as the body’s internal moisturizer as it plumps up and firms your skin
  • Treats Acne: Mushrooms are high in Vitamin D
  • Natural Skin Lightener
  •  Anti-Aging Benefits
  • Treats Skin Conditions
  • Combats Hair Loss
  • Benefits From Copper
  • High in Selenium: